EVIDENCE FOR BENEFICIAL USE OF THE COMPENSATORY RESERVE MEASUREMENT IN GUIDING INTRAOPERATIVE RESUSCITATION: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY OF ORTHOTOPIC LIVER TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS

Angelo Ciaraglia, Eri Osta, Hanzhang Wang, Francisco Cigarroa, Elizabeth Thomas, Danielle Fritze, Susannah Nicholson, Brian Eastridge, Victor A. Convertino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The compensatory reserve measurement (CRM) is a continuous noninvasive monitoring technology that provides an assessment of the integrated capacity of all physiological mechanisms associated with responses to a hypovolemic stressor such as hemorrhagic shock. No prior studies have analyzed its use for intraoperative resuscitation guidance. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted of 23 patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplant. Chart review was performed to identify timing of various intraoperative events. Data were compared based on predefined thresholds for existence of hemorrhagic shock: CRM lower than 40%, systolic blood pressure (SBP) lower than 90 mm Hg (SBP90), and heart rate (HR) higher than 100 beats per minute (HR100). Regression analysis was performed for predicting resuscitation events, and nonlinear eXtreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) models were used to compare CRM with standard vital sign measures. Results: Events where CRM dropped lower than 40% were 2.25 times more likely to lead to an intervention, whereas HR100 and SBP90 were not associated with intraoperative interventions. XGBoost prediction models showed superior discriminatory capacity of CRM alone compared with the model with SBP and HR and no difference when all three were combined (CRM-HR-SBP). All XGBoost models outperformed equivalent linear regression models. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that CRM can provide an adjunctive clinical tool that can augment early and accurate of hemodynamic compromise and promote goal-directed resuscitation in the perioperative setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalShock
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Compensatory reserve
  • resuscitation
  • transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine

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