Evidence-based intervention program for reducing obesity among African-American women in Southern California

Patience Onyegbule, Emmanuel Iyiegbuniwe, Barbara Sarter, Kathy James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of group motivational education and empowerment program using evidence-based approaches for obesity and weight loss management for African-American Women. Design: This study employed a quasi-experimental time series design based on the theoretical frameworks of the Empowerment and Health Belief models. Sample: Twenty-eight African-American Women were recruited into culturally appropriate and responsive weight-loss management program. Measurements: The weight management programs consisted of nutrition education, physical activities, and focus-group sessions. Measurements included analysis of blood samples for cholesterol, waistline, body mass index, and exercise time. Statistical analysis compared program outcomes at baseline and 3-month intervals for 1 year. Intervention: Participants were educated on healthy food choices and physical activities based on National Institutes of Health's food guidelines. Results: The results showed that 90% of participants lost 20 pounds or more and 82% had 6 inches or more waist circumference reductions. Additionally, cholesterol reductions and improved nutrition knowledge and exercises were significant. Conclusions: We developed an evidence-based and culturally appropriate intervention for weight-loss management among African-American women. Acceptance of personal responsibility to modify behaviors, knowledge of good nutrition, and engagement in physical activities were positive and effective health behavioral changes in promoting health and weight-loss management for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)350-356
Number of pages7
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AAW
  • African American Women
  • access to health care
  • overweight and obesity reduction
  • women's health
  • ΒMI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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