Evaluation of parathyroid hormone bound to a synthetic matrix for guided bone regeneration around dental implants: A histomorphometric study in dogs

Pilar Valderrama, Ronald E. Jung, Daniel S. Thoma, Archie A. Jones, David L. Cochran

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based hydrogel matrix covalently bound to a 35-amino acid peptide of parathyroid hormone cystein-PTH 1-34 (cys-PTH 1-34) was shown to enhance bone regeneration around implants. The aim of this study is to test if the addition of an integrin-receptor-binding arginineglycine-aspartic acid (RGD)-containing peptide at early healing time points improves the performance of the PEG matrix supplemented with cys-PTH 1-34 (PTH) when applied in acute defects around implants at early healing time points (2 and 4 weeks). Methods: Six dogs received 48 implants. Each side of them and mandible was randomly assigned for implantation at day 0 or 2 weeks. A circumferential critical-size defect was created at each site before implantation. Sites were randomly assigned to one of four groups: 1) PEG alone (PEG group), 2) PEG plus RGD (PEG/RGD group), 3) PEG plus PTH (PEG/PTH group), and 4) PEG plus RGD plus PTH (PEG/RGD/PTH group). Dogs were sacrificed 2 weeks after the second surgery, and specimens were obtained for histologic analysis. For the statistical analysis, mixed linear regression with repeated measurements was used, and a Dunnett-Hsu adjustment was made for multiple comparisons. Results: At 2 weeks, the percentages of new bone formation within the defect were 12.43% for the PEG group, 15.95% for the PEG/RGD group, 15.32% for the PEG/PTH group, and 16.60% for the PEG/RGD/PTH group. At 4 weeks, the percentages of new bone formation within the defect were 30.01% for the PEG group, 27.90% for the PEG/RGD group, 29.89% for the PEG/PTH group, and 27.58% for the PEG/ RGD/PTH group. A marginally significant difference (PEG/RGD/PTH group versus PEG group; P = 0.055) was found at 2weeks but not at 4weeks. The highest percentage of bone-to-implant contact (BIC) in the defect site at 2 weeks was observed for the PEG/RGD group (8.57%). The BIC after 4 weeks of healing ranged from 11.54% (PEG/RGD/PTH group) to 16.61% (PEG group). No statistically significant differences were observed in BIC. Conclusions: The effect of binding PTH covalently to a synthetic, RGD-modified PEG hydrogel marginally significantly improved bone formation at 2 weeks of healing compared to the use of PEG alone. Bone regeneration within the defects increased in all groups at week 4 of healing without statistically significant differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-747
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Bone regeneration
  • Carrier material
  • Dental implants
  • Early healing
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Polyethylene glycol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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