Purpose: The results of a long-term, comprehensive CT quality control (QC) program were analyzed to investigate differences in failure rates based on QC test, scanner utilization pattern, and number of channels, as well as explore issues regarding testing frequency. Methods: CT QC data were collected over a 4-yr period for 26 CT scanners representing two different vendors and using three different QC programs culminating in over 100 scanner-years of QC data. QC tests analyzed included water tests mean CT number, standard deviation, and uniformity, linearity tests air, water, and acrylic, and artifact analysis water phantom and large phantom. The data were organized based on scanner use, number of channels, scanner modality, and QC test. Logistic regression model analysis with generalized estimating equation method was used to estimate failure rates for each group. Results: A significant difference between failure rates with respect to QC test was found (p-value 0.02). Large phantom artifacts, standard deviation of water, and water phantom artifacts had the three highest failure rates. No significant difference was found between failure rates organized by scanner use, scanner modality, or number of channels. Conclusions: Standard deviation of water is the most important quantitative value to collect as part of a daily QC program. Uniformity and linearity tests have relatively low failure rates and, therefore, may not require daily verification. While its failure rates were moderate, daily artifact analysis is suggested due to its potentially high impact on clinical image quality. Weekly or monthly large phantom artifact analysis is encouraged for those sites possessing an appropriate phantom.
- computed tomography
- quality assurance
- quality control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging