Evaluation of military trauma system practices related to damage-control resuscitation

Keith Palm, Amy Apodaca, Debra Spencer, George Costanzo, Jeffrey Bailey, Lorne H. Blackbourne, Mary Ann Spott, Brian J. Eastridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: The Joint Theater Trauma System (JTTS) was developed with the vision that every soldier, marine, sailor, and airman injured on the battlefield would have the optimal chance for survival and maximum potential for functional recovery. In this analysis, we hypothesized that information diffusion through the JTTS, via the dissemination of clinical practice guidelines and process improvements, would be associated with the acceptance of evidence-based practices and decreases in trauma practice variability. METHODS: The current evaluation was designed as a single time-series quasi-experimental study as a preanalysis and postanalysis relative to the implementation of clinical practice guidelines and process improvement interventions. Data captured from patients admitted to hospital-level (Level III) military treatment facilities in Iraq and Afghanistan from 2003 to 2010 were retrospectively analyzed from the Joint Theater Trauma Registry (JTTR) to determine the potential impact of process improvement initiatives on clinical practice. RESULTS: The JTTS clinical practice guidelines for massive transfusion led to increased compliance with balanced component transfusion and decreased practice variability. During the course of the evaluation period, hypothermia on presentation decreased dramatically after the publication of the hypothermia prevention and management clinical practice guideline. CONCLUSION: Developed metrics demonstrate that evidence-based quality improvement initiatives disseminated through the JTTS were associated with improved clinical practice of resuscitation following battlefield injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic/care management study, level IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S459-S464
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Issue number6 SUPPL. 5
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Military
  • outcomes
  • performance improvement
  • resuscitation
  • trauma system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Surgery


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