Evaluation of KP-1199: a novel acetaminophen analog for hemostatic function and antinociceptive effects

Kristin M. Reddoch-Cardenas, Bopaiah P. Cheppudira, Thomas Garza, Chad D. Hopkins, Kevin D. Bunker, Deborah H. Slee, Andrew P. Cap, James A. Bynum, Robert J. Christy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely self-prescribed analgesic for mild to moderate pain, but overdose or repeat doses can lead to liver injury and death. Kalyra Pharmaceuticals has developed a novel APAP analog, KP-1199, currently in Phase 1 clinical studies, which lacks hepatotoxicity. In this study, the authors evaluated the antinociceptive effect of KP-1199 on thermal injury-induced nociceptive behaviors as well as hemostatic parameters using human blood samples. Methods: Full-thickness thermal injury was induced in anesthetized adult male Sprague–Dawley rats. On day 7 post-injury, KP-1199 (30 and 60 mg/kg) or APAP (60 mg/kg) was administered orally. Antinociception of KP-1199 and APAP were assessed at multiple time points using Hargreaves' test. In separate experiments, human whole blood was collected and treated with either KP-1199, APAP, or Vehicle (citrate buffer) at 1× (214 μg/ml) and 10× (2140 μg/ml) concentrations. The treated blood samples were assessed for: clotting function, thrombin generation, and platelet activation. Results: APAP did not produce antinociceptive activity. KP-1199 treatment significantly increased the nociceptive threshold, and the antinociceptive activity persisted up to 3 h post-treatment. In human samples, 10× APAP caused significantly prolonged clotting times and increased platelet activation, whereas KP-1199 had caused no negative effects on either parameter tested. Conclusion: These results suggest that KP-1199 possesses antinociceptive activity in a rat model of thermal injury. Since KP-1199 does not induce platelet activation or inhibit coagulation, it presents an attractive alternative to APAP for analgesia, especially for battlefield or surgical scenarios where blood loss and blood clotting are of concern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S234-S242
JournalTransfusion
Volume61
Issue numberS1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • KP-1199
  • acetaminophen
  • allodynia
  • coagulation
  • hemostasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

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