Evaluation of image quality parameters of representative intraoral digital radiographic systems

Hema Udupa, Peter Mah, Stephen B. Dove, William D. McDavid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objective The aim of this study was to compare imaging properties of 20 intraoral digital systems objectively. Study Design Using a direct current x-ray source and a radiographic phantom, a series of radiographs was made from the lowest exposure time until the sensor saturated. Images were captured and stored. Incident exposures were measured using a radiation meter. Gray scale, spatial resolution, and contrast/detail detectability were evaluated. Presence of 7 distinct steps spanning the gray levels from 0 to 255 was used to define the exposure latitude. An "optimal" exposure, the lowest exposure where maximum spatial resolution and contrast/detail detectability were achieved, was determined. Results The systems varied greatly in latitude, "optimal" exposure, and image quality. This may not be readily apparent to the naked eye or when clinical images are compared. Conclusions Objective assessment of image quality with a quality assurance tool makes it possible to evaluate and compare the various intraoral digital systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-783
Number of pages10
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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