Evaluation of embedded malingering indices in a non-litigating clinical sample using control, clinical, and derived groups

Russell D. Pella, Benjamin D. Hill, Jill Talley Shelton, Emily Elliot, Wm Drew Gouvier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although recent findings have indicated that a portion of college students presenting for psychoeducational evaluations fail validity measures, methods for determining the validity of cognitive test results in psychoeducational evaluations remain under-studied. In light of this, data are needed to evaluate utility of validity indices in this population and to provide base rates for students meeting research criteria for malingering and to report the relationship between testing performance and the level of external incentive. The authors utilized archival data from: (i) a university psychological clinic (n = 986) and (ii) a university control sample (n = 182). Empirically supported embedded validity indices were utilized to identify retrospectively suspected malingering patients. Group performance, according to invalidity and the level of incentive seeking, was evaluated through a series of multivariate mean comparisons. The current study supports classifying patients according to the level of incentive seeking when evaluating neurocognitive performance and feigned/exaggerated deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-57
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Assessment
  • Developmental and learning disabilities
  • Disability/handicaps
  • Forensic neuropsychology
  • Malingering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of embedded malingering indices in a non-litigating clinical sample using control, clinical, and derived groups'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this