Evaluation of continuous low dose rate versus acute single high dose rate radiation combined with oncolytic viral therapy for prostate cancer

Chunyan Liu, Yonggang Zhang, Minzhi Maggie Liu, Haoming Zhou, Wasim Chowdhury, Shawn E. Lupold, Ted L. Deweese, Ronald Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Conditionally Replicative Adenovirus (CRAd) has been previously demonstrated to augment the activity of radiation, resulting in synergy of cell kill. However, previous models combining radiation with CRAd have not focused on the methods of radiation delivery. Materials and methods: We model the combination of a novel prostate-specific CRAd, Ad5 PSE/PBN E1A-AR (Ad5: adenovirus 5; PSE: prostate-specific enhancer; PBN: rat probasin promoter; E1A: early region 1A; AR: androgen receptor), with radiation delivered both acutely and continuously, in an effort to better mimic the potential clinical modes of prostate cancer radiotherapy. Results: We demonstrate that pre-treatment of cells with acute single high dose rate (HDR) radiation 24 hours prior to viral infection results in significantly enhanced viral replication and virus-mediated cell death. In addition, this combination causes increased level of γ-H2AX (Phosphorylated histone protein H2AX on serine 139), a marker of double-stranded DNA damage and an indirect measure of nuclear fragmentation. In contrast, continuous low dose rate (LDR) radiation immediately following infection of the same CRAd results in no enhancement of viral replication, and only additive effects in virus-mediated cell death. Conclusions: These data provide the first direct assessment of the real-time impact of radiation on viral replication and the first comparison of the effect of radiation delivery on the efficacy of CRAd virotherapy. Our data demonstrate substantial differences in CRAd efficacy based on the mode of radiation delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-229
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute single high dose rate radiation
  • Adenocarcinoma of prostate
  • Continuous low dose rate radiation
  • Oncolytic viral therapy
  • Prostate-specific conditionally replicative adenovirus
  • Radiosensitisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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