Evaluation of Cardiac Troponin and Adverse Outcomes After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Sahar Memar Montazerin, Gerald Chi, Roghayeh Marandi, Homa Najafi, Fahimehalsadat Shojaei, Jane J. Lee, Jolanta Marszalek, Ali Seifi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Several studies have demonstrated the usefulness of cardiac troponin I (cTn) levels in predicting adverse clinical outcomes of patients with anerusmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). However, it remains unclear whether cTn levels can be a useful factor in predicting adverse neurologic and cardiovascular outcomes regarding follow-up duration. The study aimed to evaluate the clinical value of cTn elevation among patients with aSAH. A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and Cochrane to collect original studies that compared the adverse outcomes in patients with aSAH who had elevated cTn levels and those who did not have elevated cTn levels. Data on patient demographics and outcome measurements (mortality, major disability, delayed cerebral ischemia, cardiac dysfunction, and pulmonary edema) were extracted. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed by fitting a random effects model. A total of 4,117 patients with aSAH were included in the meta-analysis. Elevated cTn levels was associated with a higher all-cause mortality (OR 3.64; 95% CI 2.68–4.94; I2 = 22.05%), poor major disability (OR 2.27; 95% CI 1.5–3.37; I2 = 52.07%), delayed cerebral ischemia (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.46–3.03; I2 = 13.80%), cardiac dysfunction (OR 9.20; 95% CI 4.31–19.60; I2 = 39.89), and pulmonary edema (OR 10.32; 95% CI 5.64–18.90; I2 = 0.00%). Additionally, elevated cTn levels was associated with higher mortality in prospective studies (OR 3.66; 95% CI 2.61–5.14) as well as when compared with studies with short-term and long-term follow-up periods. Patients with aSAH who had elevated cTn levels also tended to experience poor short-term major disability (OR 2.36; 95% CI 1.48–3.76). Among patients with aSAH, elevated cTn levels was associated with higher mortality and adverse neurologic and cardiovascular outcomes. Given its clinical value, cardiac troponin levels may be included in the assessment of patients withs aSAH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurocritical Care
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Cardiac abnormalities
  • Poor outcome
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Troponin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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