Evaluation of a cone beam CT artefact reduction algorithm

B. Bechara, C. A. McMahan, H. Geha, M. Noujeim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Objectives: An algorithm and software to reduce metal artefact has been developed recently and is available in the Picasso Master 3D ® (VATECH, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea), which under visual assessment produces better quality images than were obtainable previously. The objective of this in vitro study was to investigate whether the metal artefact reduction (MAR) algorithm of the Picasso Master 3D machine reduced the incidence of metal artefacts and increased the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) while maintaining the same gray value when there was no metallic body present within the scanned volume. Methods: 20 scans with a range of 50-90 kVp were acquired, of which 10 had a metallic bead inserted within a phantom. The images obtained were analysed using public domain software (ImageJ; NIH Image, Bethesda, MD). Area histograms were used to evaluate the mean gray level variation of the epoxy resin-based substitute (ERBS) block and a control area. The CNR was calculated. Results: The MAR algorithm increased the CNR when the metallic bead was present; it enhanced the ERBS gray level independently of the presence of the metallic bead. The image quality also improved as peak tube potential was increased. Conclusion: Improved quality of images and regaining of the control gray values of a phantom were achieved when the MAR algorithm was used in the presence of a metallic bead.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)422-428
Number of pages7
JournalDentomaxillofacial Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012


  • Artefact
  • Cone beam computed tomography
  • Noise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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