Evaluation and Treatment of Early-Onset Scoliosis

Jason B. Anari, John M. Flynn, Robert M. Campbell, Patrick J. Cahill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


» The great variety of approaches used to manage spinal deformity in children who are younger than 10 years old confirms the lack of consensus regarding treatment for these extraordinary complex and evolving conditions. » A patient's deformity and associated clinical problems can involve the spine alone, the thorax alone, or, commonly, both. Additional challenges include bone quality, aberrant anatomy, compromised respiratory function, and numerous medical comorbidities-all in the setting of low body mass index (BMI) and a thin soft-tissue envelope. » A multidisciplinary approach optimizes care by connecting experts to give the child a team-based approach to manage the spinal deformity, growth, the chest wall biomechanics, and lung alveolar maturation. In this article, we review general principles and a stateof- the-art approach to managing thoracic insufficiency and earlyonset scoliosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJBJS Reviews
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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