Background Both hiatal hernias (HH) and morbid obesity significantly contribute to gastroesophageal reflux disease, which increases the risk for esophagitis and esophageal cancer. Therefore, concomitant HH repair is recommended during bariatric surgery procedures. Unfortunately, recurrence of HH after repair is not uncommon and the optimal surgical technique has yet to be established. Objective To evaluate the feasibility of recreating the phrenoesophageal ligaments by adding phrenoesophagopexy to HH repair during sleeve gastrectomy. Setting Independent, university-affiliated teaching hospital. Methods Retrospective chart review of all patients with a body mass index ≥35 kg/m2 who underwent a combined sleeve gastrectomy and HH repair between January 2010 and December 2014 by a single surgeon at a single institution. Demographic data and 30-day postoperative complications rates were obtained. Results There were 106 patients evaluated. Mean age was 50.8 ± 12.5 years, mean body mass index was 45.8 ± 7.1 kg/m2, and 87% were female. Mean operative time was 112 ± 24.5 minutes, and mean length of stay was 1.9 ±.7 days. The 30-day complication rate was.94% (1 gastric sleeve leak) and there were no deaths. Six patients (5.7%) required emergency department evaluation, and 5 (4.7%) required readmission for abdominal pain (2), dysphagia/dehydration (1), esophagitis (1), or gastric sleeve leak (1), which required reoperation. Conclusion The addition of an interrupted phrenoesophagopexy for HH repair during sleeve gastrectomy appears to be a feasible technique with low 30-day morbidity and mortality rates. Long-term follow-up is needed to evaluate the efficacy in reducing HH recurrence rates.
- Hiatal hernia repair
- Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
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