Evaluating contemporary pain management practices in thyroid and parathyroid surgery: A national survey of head and neck endocrine surgeons

Jay K. Ferrell, Michael C. Singer, D. Gregory Farwell, Brendan C. Stack, Maisie Shindo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: There is currently a lack of evidence-based guidelines regarding postoperative opioids after thyroid and parathyroid surgery. This study aimed to objectively characterize contemporary postoperative pain management practices via a national survey of head and neck endocrine surgeons. Methods: A standardized electronic survey was distributed to the membership of the American Head and Neck Society's Endocrine section. Results: A total of 102 surgeons completed the survey representing a 34% response rate. In all, 65.7% of respondents utilize opioids with wide variations in the total morphine equivalents prescribed. Practice environment (χ2 = 10.0; P = 0.04) and performing preoperative pain counseling (χ2 = 9.7; P = 0.002) were significantly associated with a decreased likelihood of prescribing postoperative opioids. Utilization of non-opioid pain management strategies was common and significantly associated with performing outpatient surgery (χ2 = 6.2; P = 0.013) and preoperative pain counseling (χ2 = 4.5; P = 0.034). Conclusions: Pain management practice patterns vary significantly among head and neck endocrine surgeons which further emphasize the need for evidence-based guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2315-2323
Number of pages9
JournalHead and Neck
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Keywords

  • head and neck endocrine surgery
  • opioid prescribing
  • parathyroid surgery
  • postoperative pain
  • thyroid surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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