Estrogen receptors in the medial basal hypothalamus of the rat following complete hypothalamic deafferentation

Alberto J. Carrillo, Peter J. Sheridan

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the effect of complete hypothalamic deafferentation (CHD) on the estrogen receptor (ER) concentration in the MBH as well as LH and FSH secretion. Adult female rats underwent CHD using a Halasz-Pupp knife. Sham CHD and intact animals served as controls. Five days after CHD all the rats were ovariectomized and 2 days later they were decapitated and trunk blood collected and the plasma analysed for LH and FSH by radioimmunoassay (RIA). The brains were rapidly removed and the MBH and preoptic area (POA) were dissected. Brain tissues were homogenized in 2.0 ml of phosphate buffer, centrifuged and the supernatant (cytosol) withdrawn. The cytosols were then incubated at 0-4°C for 3 h with [3H]E2 or [3H]E2 + unlabeled E2. Bound and free receptor was separated using 5-30% sucrose gradient centrifugation, Sephadex LH-20 column or hydroxylapatite receptor assays. CHD resulted in a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the concentration of ER in the MBH when compared with controls. ER concentration in the POA of the CHD group was not significantly different from the control group. CHD also resulted in a significant (P < 0.005) reduction in the plasma concentration of LH and FSH when compared with the controls. These data suggest that the estrogen receptors in the MBH are influenced by the connections with extrahypothalamic regions and that the effect of hypothalamic deafferentation on gonadotropin secretion may be in part secondary to this reduction of receptors in the MBH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-164
Number of pages8
JournalBrain Research
Volume186
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 17 1980

Keywords

  • estrogen receptors
  • gonadotropins
  • hypothalamic deafferentation
  • medial basal hypothalamus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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