Estrogen receptor beta repurposes EZH2 to suppress oncogenic NFκB/p65 signaling in triple negative breast cancer

Kirsten G.M. Aspros, Jodi M. Carter, Tanya L. Hoskin, Vera J. Suman, Malayannan Subramaniam, Michael J. Emch, Zhenqing Ye, Zhifu Sun, Jason P. Sinnwell, Kevin J. Thompson, Xiaojia Tang, Esther P.B. Rodman, Xiyin Wang, Adam W. Nelson, Igor Chernukhin, Feda H. Hamdan, Elizabeth S. Bruinsma, Jason S. Carroll, Martin E. Fernandez-Zapico, Steven A. JohnsenKrishna R. Kalari, Haojie Huang, Roberto A. Leon-Ferre, Fergus J. Couch, James N. Ingle, Matthew P. Goetz, John R. Hawse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) accounts for 15–20% of all breast cancer cases, yet is responsible for a disproportionately high percentage of breast cancer mortalities. Thus, there is an urgent need to identify novel biomarkers and therapeutic targets based on the molecular events driving TNBC pathobiology. Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is known to elicit anti-cancer effects in TNBC, however its mechanisms of action remain elusive. Here, we report the expression profiles of ERβ and its association with clinicopathological features and patient outcomes in the largest cohort of TNBC to date. In this cohort, ERβ was expressed in approximately 18% of TNBCs, and expression of ERβ was associated with favorable clinicopathological features, but correlated with different overall survival outcomes according to menopausal status. Mechanistically, ERβ formed a co-repressor complex involving enhancer of zeste homologue 2/polycomb repressive complex 2 (EZH2/PRC2) that functioned to suppress oncogenic NFκB/RELA (p65) activity. Importantly, p65 was shown to be required for formation of this complex and for ERβ-mediated suppression of TNBC. Our findings indicate that ERβ+ tumors exhibit different characteristics compared to ERβ− tumors and demonstrate that ERβ functions as a molecular switch for EZH2, repurposing it for tumor suppressive activities and repression of oncogenic p65 signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20
Journalnpj Breast Cancer
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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