Estrogen receptor alpha is required for mammary development and the induction of mammary hyperplasia and epigenetic alterations in the aromatase transgenic mice

Rajeshwar Rao Tekmal, Ya Guang Liu, Hareesh B. Nair, Jeremy Jones, Rao P. Perla, Dennis B. Lubahn, Kenneth S. Korach, Nameer Kirma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aromatase transgenic mice exhibit hyperplastic and dysplastic changes, attesting to the importance of local estrogen in breast carcinogenesis. These mice also show increased levels of the estrogen receptor α and β (ERα, ERβ) suggesting that this receptor may play an important role in the initiation of estrogen-mediated mammary hyperplasia observed in these mice. To address the specific role of ERα in the mammary development and in the induction of estrogen-mediated hyperplasia in aromatase transgenic mice, we have generated MMTV-aromatase × ERα knockout cross (referred as aromatase/ERKO). Even though ERβ is expressed in aromatase/ERKO mice, lack of ERα leads to impaired mammary growth in these mice. The data suggest that ERα plays an important role in the mammary gland development as well as in the induction of mammary hyperplasia in aromatase transgenic mice. Lack of ERα expression in the aromatase/ERKO mice resulted in a decrease in the expression of Cyclin D1, PCNA and TGFβ relative to the aromatase parental strain. The studies involving aromatase/ERKO mice show that lack of ERα results in impaired mammary development even in the presence of continuous tissue estrogen, suggesting estrogen/ERα-mediated actions are critical for mammary development and carcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume95
Issue number1-5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

Keywords

  • Aromatase
  • Estrogen receptor
  • Mammary carcinogenesis
  • Transgenic mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Estrogen receptor alpha is required for mammary development and the induction of mammary hyperplasia and epigenetic alterations in the aromatase transgenic mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this