Essential role for the p55 tumor necrosis factor receptor in regulating hematopoiesis at a stem cell level

Vivienne I. Rebel, Sheila Hartnett, Geoffrey R. Hill, Suzan B. Lazo-Kallanian, James L.M. Ferrara, Colin A. Sieff

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75 Scopus citations


Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal is a complicated process, and its regulatory mechanisms are poorly understood. Previous studies have identified tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α as a pleiotropic cytokine, which, among other actions, prevents various hematopoietic progenitor cells from proliferating and differentiating in vitro. However, its role in regulating long-term repopulating HSCs in vivo has not been investigated. In this study, mice deficient for the p55 or the p75 subunit of the TNF receptor were analyzed in a variety of hematopoietic progenitor and stem cell assays. In older p55(-/-) mice (>6 mo), we identified significant differences in their hematopoietic system compared with age-matched p75(-/-) or wild-type counterparts. Increased marrow cellularity and increased numbers of myeloid and erythroid colony-forming progenitor cells (CFCs), paralleled by elevated peripheral blood cell counts, were found in p55-deficient mice. In contrast to the increased myeloid compartment, pre-B CFCs were deficient in older p55(-/-) mice. In addition, a fourfold decrease in the number of HSCs could be demonstrated in a competitive repopulating assay. Secondary transplantations of marrow cells from primary recipients of p55(-/-) marrow revealed impaired self-renewal ability of p55-deficient HSCs. These data show that, in vivo, signaling through the p55 subunit of the TNF receptor is essential for regulating hematopoiesis at the stem cell level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1493-1503
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell differentiation
  • Cytokine receptors
  • Hematopoietic stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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