Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease: recent novel outlooks on risk factors and clinical approaches

Teemu J. Niiranen, Ramachandran S. Vasan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Introduction: Cardiovascular (CVD) risk assessment with traditional risk factors (age, sex, blood pressure, lipids, smoking and diabetes) has remained relatively invariant over the past decades despite some inaccuracies associated with this approach. However, the search for novel, robust and cost-effective risk markers of CVD risk is ongoing. Areas covered: A large share of the major developments in CVD risk prediction during the past five years has been made in large-scale biomarker discovery and the so called ‘omics’ – the rapidly growing fields of genomics, transcriptomics, epigenetics and metabolomics. This review focuses on how these new technologies are helping drive primary CVD risk estimation forward in recent years, and speculates on how they could be utilized more effectively for discovering novel risk factors in the future. Expert commentary: The search for new CVD risk factors is currently undergoing a significant revolution as the simple relationship between single risk factors and disease will have to be replaced by models that strive to integrate the whole field of omics into medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)855-869
Number of pages15
JournalExpert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • biomarkers
  • cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular risk
  • epigenetics
  • genomics
  • metabolomics
  • risk factors
  • transcriptomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Epidemiology of cardiovascular disease: recent novel outlooks on risk factors and clinical approaches'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this