Epidemiology for the clinical neurologist

M. E. Jacob, M. Ganguli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidemiology is a foundation of all clinical and public health research and practice. Epidemiology serves seven important uses for the advancement of medicine and public health. It enables community diagnosis by quantifying risk factors and diseases in the community; completes the clinical picture of disease by revealing the entire distribution of disease and presenting meaningful population averages from representative samples; identifies risk factors for disease by detecting and quantifying associations between exposures and disease and evaluating causal hypotheses; computes individual risk to identify high-risk groups to whom preventive interventions can be targeted; evaluates historic trends that monitor disease over time and provide clues to etiology; delineates new syndromes and disease subtypes not previously apparent in clinical settings, helping to streamline effective disease management; and investigates the effects of health services on population health to identify effective public health interventions. The clinician with a grasp of epidemiologic principles is in a position to critically evaluate the research literature, to apply it to clinical practice, and to undertake valid clinical epidemiology research with patients in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages3-16
Number of pages14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume138
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • bias
  • cohort effect
  • confounding
  • epidemiology
  • incidence
  • odds ratio
  • prevalence
  • relative risk
  • sampling
  • sensitivity
  • specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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  • Cite this

    Jacob, M. E., & Ganguli, M. (2016). Epidemiology for the clinical neurologist. In Handbook of Clinical Neurology (pp. 3-16). (Handbook of Clinical Neurology; Vol. 138). Elsevier B.V.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802973-2.00001-X