Epidemic measles and rubella in air force recruits: Impact of immunization

George E Crawford, D. H. Gremillion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The safety of attenuated viral vaccines against measles and rubella and their efficacy in controlling a massive outbreak of these two diseases in air force recruits at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, were studied. Recorded cases of measles declined from a high of 1,345 in 1976 to a low of 227 in 1979. Similarly, rubella cases declined from a peak before the immunization program of 1,361 in 1977 to a low of 67 in 1979. A controlled study of morbidity related to immunization revealed that there is less immediate local morbidity from immunizations against measles and rubella than with other routine immunizations. Recruits who received the attenuated viral vaccines reported fever, myalgias, and diarrhea only slightly more frequently than did recruits in the concurrent control group. The present data indicate that measles and rubella, increasingly consequential diseases among young adults, can be safely and effectively controlled with attenuated viral vaccines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-410
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume144
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Rubella
Measles
Viral Vaccines
Attenuated Vaccines
Immunization
Air
Morbidity
Immunization Programs
Myalgia
Disease Outbreaks
Young Adult
Diarrhea
Fever
Safety
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Epidemic measles and rubella in air force recruits : Impact of immunization. / Crawford, George E; Gremillion, D. H.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 144, No. 5, 1981, p. 403-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crawford, GE & Gremillion, DH 1981, 'Epidemic measles and rubella in air force recruits: Impact of immunization', Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 403-410.
Crawford, George E ; Gremillion, D. H. / Epidemic measles and rubella in air force recruits : Impact of immunization. In: Journal of Infectious Diseases. 1981 ; Vol. 144, No. 5. pp. 403-410.
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