Eosinophilic laryngitis in children with aerodigestive dysfunction

Robert J. Yawn, Sari Acra, Steven L. Goudy, Raina Flores, Christopher T. Wootten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To describe the presence of laryngeal eosinophils and associated symptomatology in patients with aerodigestive dysfunction. Study Design. Case series with chart review. Setting. Single tertiary pediatric referral center. Subjects. Eighty-one consecutive pediatric patients referred to a multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic with upper airway concerns. Methods. Microlaryngoscopy and posterior arytenoid biopsy, flexible bronchoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy and esophageal biopsy, and impedance probe testing were performed as indicated by clinical symptoms. Positive versus negative posterior arytenoid biopsy for eosinophils and the presence or absence of concomitant histopathological laryngitis and/or esophagitis were measured. Results. Nine of 81 (11%) patients had positive laryngeal biopsy for eosinophils (range, 1-29 eosinophils/high-powered field [HPF]). Three of these 9 patients also had concurrent biopsyproven eosinophilic esophagitis, while 8 of 81 total patients had biopsy-proven eosinophilic esophagitis. The frequency of biopsy-proven eosinophilic esophagitis was higher in patients with posterior arytenoid eosinophils versus patients without laryngeal eosinophils (33% versus 6.9%, P = .0408). Conclusions. Eosinophilic inflammation in the larynx has not been described in children with complex aerodigestive complaints. Posterior arytenoid eosinophils may serve as a marker of chronic laryngeal inflammation in children with aerodigestive dysfunction, although their exact role in this inflammation remains unclear. In our population, >15 eosinophils/ HPF within posterior arytenoid biopsies was associated with concomitant eosinophilic esophagitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume153
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

Keywords

  • adult
  • aerodigestive
  • airway
  • airway reconstruction
  • aspiration
  • dysphagia
  • dysphonia
  • eosinophilia
  • eosinophilic esophagitis
  • eosinophilic laryngitis
  • gastroesophageal reflux
  • inflammatory
  • laryngeal
  • laryngeal inflammation
  • laryngitis
  • larynx
  • pediatric
  • reflux
  • subglottic stenosis
  • voice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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