Environmental enrichment restores cognitive deficits induced by experimental childhood meningitis

Tatiana Barichello, Glauco D. Fagundes, Jaqueline S. Generoso, Caroline S. Dagostin, Lutiana R. Simões, Márcia C. Vilela, Clarissa M. Comim, Fabricia Petronilho, João Quevedo, Antonio L. Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the influence of environmental enrichment (EE) on memory, cytokines, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the brain of adult rats subjected to experimental pneumococcal meningitis during infancy.

Methods: On postnatal day 11, the animals received either artificial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or Streptococcus pneumoniae suspension intracisternally at 1 6 106 CFU/mL and remained with their mothers until age 21 days. Animals were divided into the following groups: control, control + EE, meningitis, and meningitis + EE. EE began at 21 days and continued until 60 days of age (adulthood). EE consisted of a large cage with three floors, ramps, running wheels, and objects of different shapes and textures. At 60 days, animals were randomized and subjected to habituation to the open-field task and the step-down inhibitory avoidance task. After the tasks, the hippocampus and CSF were isolated for analysis.

Results: The meningitis group showed no difference in performance between training and test sessions of the open-field task, suggesting habituation memory impairment; in the meningitis + EE group, performance was significantly different, showing preservation of habituation memory. In the step-down inhibitory avoidance task, there were no differences in behavior between training and test sessions in the meningitis group, showing aversive memory impairment; conversely, differences were observed in the meningitis + EE group, demonstrating aversive memory preservation. In the two meningitis groups, IL-4, IL-10, and BDNF levels were increased in the hippocampus, and BDNF levels in the CSF.

Conclusions: The data presented suggest that EE, a non-invasive therapy, enables recovery from memory deficits caused by neonatal meningitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-329
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • BDNF
  • Cytokines
  • Environmental enrichment
  • Pneumococcal meningitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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