Enteral stents: Complications and their management

Jorge E. Lopera, Miguel Angel de Gregorio, Alicia Laborda, Rodrigo Castaño

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The treatment of malignant colonic and gastric outlet obstruction with self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) is an established technique that can be performed by radiologic or a combination of radiologic and endoscopic guidance. The procedure is very effective to relieve the obstructive symptoms of advanced malignancies, with important clinical benefits and significant improvement in quality of life for the patients. Despite much advancement in the designs of SEMS, enteral stent placement is still associated with some significant early and late complications. Stent dysfunction mainly caused by tumor ingrowth/over growth, and stent migration when covered stent are used, are relatively common complications and many times require reinterventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalGastrointestinal Intervention
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Colonic neoplasms
  • Complications
  • Gastric outlet obstruction
  • Pancreatic neoplasms
  • Self-expandable metal stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Oncology
  • Gastroenterology

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