Enhancing Access to Psychiatric Care for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Veterans with Mild Traumatic Brain Injury through Integrated Services

Muhammad R. Baig, Rebecca N. Tapia, Adeel Meraj, Jacqueline A. Pugh, John D. Roache, Erin P. Finley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

(i) To describe an integrated model of psychiatric care for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). (ii) To evaluate access to and engagement in psychiatric care among veterans with comorbid PTSD and mTBI after implementation of an Integrated Care (IC) model compared to the previous Usual Care (UC). 100 randomly selected charts, 50 from each of UC and IC were reviewed in this non-concurrent case- control study. Polytrauma Network Site (PNS), an outpatient rehabilitation clinic, for veterans who suffered from brain and other traumatic injuries at an urban VA Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center. Veterans receiving treatment for mTBI symptoms by the rehabilitation team were referred for medication management for PTSD to UC and IC. Co-located access to psychiatric care for medication management as part of the interdisciplinary team with the goal of expediting rehabilitation and functional recovery. Number of consults for psychiatric care for medication management scheduled and completed within 30 days, and number of veterans offered, initiating, and completing evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD in UC compared to IC. After implementation of IC there were significant improvements in timely completion of consults and patient engagement with a psychiatrist. There also were improvements in number of referrals, initiation, and completion of evidence-based psychotherapies for the treatment of PTSD. IC within the PNS shows promise as an effective care model for increasing access and engagement in care for veterans with comorbid PTSD/mTBI. Future research is needed to examine the utility of this model in other sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-827
Number of pages13
JournalPsychiatric Quarterly
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • Access to care
  • Engagement in treatment
  • Integrated care
  • Mental healthcare
  • Rehabilitation program

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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