Enhancer-bound LDB1 regulates a corticotrope promoter-pausing repression program

Feng Zhang, Bogdan Tanasa, Daria Merkurjev, Chijen Lin, Xiaoyuan Song Wenbo Li, Yuliang Tan, Zhijie Liu, Jie Zhang, Kenneth A. Ohgi, Anna Krones, Dorota Skowronska-Krawczyk, Michael G. Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations


Substantial evidence supports the hypothesis that enhancers are critical regulators of cell-type determination, orchestrating both positive and negative transcriptional programs; however, the basic mechanisms by which enhancers orchestrate interactions with cognate promoters during activation and repression events remain incompletely understood. Here we report the required actions of LIM domain-binding protein 1 (LDB1)/cofactor of LIM homeodomain protein 2/nuclear LIMinteractor, interactingwith the enhancer-binding protein achaete-scute complex homolog 1, to mediate looping to target gene promoters and target gene regulation in corticotrope cells. LDB1-mediated enhancer:promoter looping appears to be required for both activation and repression of these target genes. Although LDB1-dependent activated genes are regulated at the level of transcriptional initiation, the LDB1-dependent repressed transcription units appear to be regulated primarily at the level of promoter pausing, with LDB1 regulating recruitment of metastasis-associated 1 family, member 2, a component of the nucleosome remodeling deacetylase complex, on these negative enhancers, required for the repressive enhancer function. These results indicate that LDB1-dependent looping events can deliver repressive cargo to cognate promoters to mediate promoter pausing events in a pituitary cell type.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1380-1385
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 3 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • ASCL1
  • Enhancer
  • LDB1
  • Looping
  • MTA2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Zhang, F., Tanasa, B., Merkurjev, D., Lin, C., Li, X. S. W., Tan, Y., Liu, Z., Zhang, J., Ohgi, K. A., Krones, A., Skowronska-Krawczyk, D., & Rosenfeld, M. G. (2015). Enhancer-bound LDB1 regulates a corticotrope promoter-pausing repression program. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(5), 1380-1385. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1424228112