Endovascular treatment of complicated type-B aortic dissection with stent-grafts: Midterm results

Jorge Lopera, Jario H. Patiño, Carlos Urbina, Giovanni García, Luis Guillermo Alvarez, León Upegui, Akkawat Jhanchai, Zhong Qian, Wilfrido Castañeda-Zuñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To report the midterm results of the endovascular treatment of complicated type-B aortic dissection with use of stent-grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients with acute (n = 4) or chronic (n = 6) complicated type-B dissection were treated with custom-made stent-grafts. Indications for treatment included uncontrollable hypertension with dissection extension (n = 3), renal ischemia (n = 1), and false lumen aneurysm (n = 6). Stainless-steel Z-stents covered with polyester grafts were placed in the initial six patients. Nitinol stents covered with ultrathin polytetrafluoroethylene were used in the remaining four patients. The patients were followed-up with helical computed tomography for a maximum of 30 months (mean, 20 mo). RESULTS: There was one technical failure related to the access site. Early complications included deep venous thrombosis (n = 1) and embolic stroke (n = 1). Complete thrombosis of the thoracic false lumen was achieved in six patients and partial thrombosis was achieved in three. Aneurysms developed at the ends of the stainless-steel stents in two patients, requiring additional stent-graft placement. Despite successful remodeling of the thoracic aorta, three of four patients with distal reentry into the abdominal aorta experienced progressive abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). AAA rupture developed in two patients; one rupture was fatal and the other was treated with emergency surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of complicated type-B aortic dissection is technically feasible and effective. Closely monitoring the treated aorta is essential to detect early aneurysm formation at the ends of rigid stents. Despite adequate sealing of the tears in the thoracic aorta, dissection with distal reentry phenomenon into the abdominal aorta may evolve into AAA with late rupture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume14
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

Keywords

  • Aorta, dissection
  • Aorta, stents and prostheses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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