Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Gallbladder Drainage versus Percutaneous Gallbladder Drainage for Acute Cholecystitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Umesha Boregowda, Millie Chen, Shreyas Saligram

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PT-GBD) has been the treatment of choice for acute cholecystitis patients who are not suitable for surgery. The effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) as an alternative to PT-GBD is not clear. In this meta-analysis, we have compared their efficacy and adverse events. Methods: We adhered to the PRISMA statement to conduct this meta-analysis. Online databases were searched for studies that compared EUS-GBD and PT-GBD for acute cholecystitis. The primary outcomes of interest were technical success, clinical success, and adverse events. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using the random-effects model. Results: A total of 396 articles were screened, and 11 eligible studies were identified. There were 1136 patients, of which 57.5% were male, 477 (mean age 73.33 ± 11.28 years) underwent EUS-GBD, and 698 (mean age 73.77 ± 8.7 years) underwent PT-GBD. EUS-GBD had significantly better technical success (OR 0.40; 95% CI 0.17–0.94; p = 0.04), fewer adverse events (OR 0.35; 95% CI 0.21–0.61; p = 0.00), and lower reintervention rates (OR 0.18; 95% CI 0.05–0.57; p = 0.00) than PT-GBD. No difference in clinical success (OR 1.34; 95% CI 0.65–2.79; p = 0.42), readmission rate (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.08–1.54; p = 0.16), or mortality rate (OR 0.73; 95% CI 0.30–1.80; p = 0.50) was noted. There was low heterogeneity (I2 = 0) among the studies. Egger’s test showed no significant publication bias (p = 0.595). Conclusion: EUS-GBD can be a safe and effective alternative to PT-GBD for treating acute cholecystitis in non-surgical patients and has fewer adverse events and a lower reintervention rate than PT-GBD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number657
JournalDiagnostics
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • EUS guided gallbladder drainage
  • acute cholecystitis
  • endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage
  • gallbladder drainage
  • lumen apposing metal stent
  • meta-analysis
  • percutaneous gallbladder drainage
  • plastic stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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