Endometrial effects of a tissue selective estrogen complex containing bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens as a menopausal therapy

James H. Pickar, I. Tien Yeh, Gloria Bachmann, Leon Speroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the endometrial safety of a tissue selective estrogen complex (TSEC; pairing of a selective estrogen receptor modulator [SERM] with estrogens) composed of bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens (BZA/CE) in postmenopausal women. Design: Randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo- and active-controlled, phase 3 study (Selective estrogen Menopause And Response to Therapy [SMART]-1). Setting: Outpatient clinical. Patient(s): Healthy, postmenopausal women (n = 3,397) age 40-75 with an intact uterus. Intervention(s): Single tablets of BZA (10, 20, or 40 mg) combined with CE (0.625 or 0.45 mg); raloxifene (60 mg); or placebo daily for 2 years. Main Outcome Measure(s): Incidence of endometrial hyperplasia at 12 months in the efficacy evaluable population. Result(s): Treatment with BZA (20 or 40 mg)/CE (0.625 or 0.45 mg) was associated with low rates (<1%) of endometrial hyperplasia that were not significantly different from those reported with placebo over 24 months. Endometrial thickness with BZA (20 or 40 mg)/CE (0.625 or 0.45 mg) was not significantly different from that with placebo. Conclusion(s): When combined with CE (0.625 mg or 0.45 mg), BZA (20 mg) was the lowest effective dose that prevented endometrial hyperplasia over 2 years of study, creating the possibility for a new, progestin-free menopausal therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1018-1024
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and sterility
Volume92
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

Keywords

  • B azedoxifene
  • conjugated estrogens
  • endometrium
  • hyperplasia
  • tissue-selective estrogen complex
  • TSEC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Endometrial effects of a tissue selective estrogen complex containing bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens as a menopausal therapy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this