Employment barriers among welfare recipients and applicants with chronically ill children

Lauren A. Smith, Diana Romero, Pamela R. Wood, Nina S. Wampler, Wendy Chavkin, Paul H. Wise

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Objectives. This study evaluated the association of chronic child illness with parental employment among individuals who have had contact with the welfare system. Methods. Parents of children with chronic illnesses were interviewed. Results. Current and former welfare recipients and welfare applicants were more likely than those with no contact with the welfare system to report that their children's illnesses adversely affected their employment. Logistic regression analyses showed that current and former receipt of welfare, pending welfare application, and high rates of child health care use were predictors of unemployment. Conclusions. Welfare recipients and applicants with chronically ill children face substantial barriers to employment, including high child health care use rates and missed work. The welfare reform reauthorization scheduled to occur later in 2002 should address the implications of chronic child illness for parental employment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1453-1457
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of public health
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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