Emergent interfacility evacuation of critical care patients in combat

Yvonne E. Franco, Robert A.De Lorenzo, Steven W. Salyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the Second Iraq War (Operation Iraqi Freedom), high-intensity, low-utilization medical and surgical services, such as neurosurgical care, were consolidated into a centralized location within the combat zone. This arrangement necessitated intra-theater air medical evacuation of critically ill or injured patients from outlying combat support hospitals (CSH) to another combat zone facility having the needed services. A case series is presented of intratheater transfer of neurosurgical patients in Iraq during 2005-06. Ninety-eight patients are included in the series, with typical transfer distances of 40 miles (approximately 20-25 minutes of flight time). All patients were transported with a CSH nurse in addition to the standard Army EMT-B flight medic. Seventy-six percent of cases were battle injury, 17 were non-battle injuries, and the balance were classified as non-injury mechanisms. Seventy-six percent of cases were head injuries, with the balance involving burns, stroke, and other injuries. At 30 days, 12 of the patients had died, and 9 remained hospitalized in a critical care setting. None of the patients died during evacuation. Intratheater and interfacility transfer of critical care patients in the combat theater often involves severely head-injured and other neurosurgical cases. Current Army staffing for helicopter transport in these case requires a nurse or other advanced personnel to supplement the standard EMT-B flight medic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-188
Number of pages4
JournalAir Medical Journal
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Emergent interfacility evacuation of critical care patients in combat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this