Isoproterenol (1 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected into adult male rats during the day to stimulate pineal N-acetyltransferase (NAT) activity and pineal and serum melatonin levels. Two hours after isoproterenol administration when levels of each of these variables had increased significantly, the experimental animals swam for 10 min in 22°C water. At 15 min after swimming onset, pineal and serum melatonin levels were highly significantly depressed compared to those in control animals that did not swim. The high NAT level was not influenced by swimming. In a second study, isoproterenol injected rats swam for either 1, 3, 6 or 10 min and were sampled 15 min after the onset of swimming. The reduction in the elevated pineal melatonin in these animals was correlated with the length of the swim, i.e., as the duration of swim increased the percent reduction in pineal melatonin also increased. Neither pineal NAT nor hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase (HIOMT) activities were influenced by swimming. The results suggest that elevated pineal and serum melatonin induced by isoproterenol can be depressed with no effect on the activity of the enzymes which convert serotonin to melatonin.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)