Electrophysiological correlates of response inhibition in children and adolescents with ADHD: Influence of gender, age, and previous treatment history

Mario Liotti, Steven R. Pliszka, Ricardo Perez, Brian Luus, David Glahn, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deficits in response inhibition may be at the core of the cognitive syndrome in ADHD. Here, inhibitory control mechanisms were studied in 36 ADHD-combined type and 30 healthy children by exploring the event-related brain activity during the Stop Signal task. The influence of age, gender, and previous treatment history was evaluated. The ADHD group showed reduced N200 wave amplitudes. For successful inhibitions, the N200 reduction was greatest over right inferior frontal scalp, and only the control group showed a success-related enhancement of such right frontal N200. Source analysis identified a source of the N200 group effect in right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Finally, a late positive wave to failed inhibitions was selectively reduced only in treatment-naïve ADHD children, suggesting that chronic stimulants may normalize late conscious error recognition. Both effects were independent of gender and age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-948
Number of pages13
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Event-related potentials
  • LPW
  • N200
  • NoGo-P3
  • Stimulants
  • Stop signal task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry

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