Electromagnetic navigation reduces surgical time and radiation exposure for proximal interlocking in retrograde femoral nailing

Jeremy S. Somerson, David Rowley, Chad Kennedy, Frank Buttacavoli, Animesh Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Objectives: To compare the time required for proximal locking screw placement between a standard freehand technique and the navigated technique, and to quantify the reduction in ionizing radiation exposure. Methods: A fresh frozen cadaver model was used for 48 proximal interlocking screw procedures. Each procedure consisted of insertion of 2 anteroposterior locking screws. Standard fluoroscopic technique was used for 24 procedures, and an electromagnetic navigation system was used for the remaining 24 procedures. Procedure duration was recorded using an electronic timer and radiation doses were documented. Results: Mean total insertion time for both proximal interlocking screws was 405 ± 165.7 seconds with the freehand technique and 311 ± 78.3 seconds in the navigation group (P = 0.002). All procedures resulted in successful locking screw placement. Mean ionizing radiation exposure time for proximal locking was 29.5 ± 12.8 seconds. Conclusions: Proximal locking screw insertion using the navigation technique evaluated in this work was significantly faster than the standard fluoroscopic method. The navigated technique is effective and has the potential to prevent ionizing radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-421
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014



  • electromagnetic navigation
  • intramedullary nailing
  • navigation
  • radiation
  • retrograde femoral nailing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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