Elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation for portal decompression in the immediate pretransplantation period in adult living related liver transplant recipient candidates: Preliminary results

Wael E.A. Saad, Nael E.A. Saad, Mark G. Davies, Adel Bozorgdadeh, Mark S. Orloff, Nikhil C. Patel, Peter L. Abt, David E. Lee, Lawrence G. Sahler, Takashi Kitanosono, Talia Sasson, David L. Waldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate (i) the efficacy of purposeful creation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) before transplantation to optimize potential living related liver transplantation (LRLTx) and (ii) the efficacy of TIPS creation in this setting in reducing perioperative resource utilization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of the records of patients who underwent adult LRLTx with or without preoperative TIPS creation from October 2003 through April 2005. Patients were evaluated for preoperative parameters (Child-Pugh class, Model for End-stage Liver Disease score, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation [APACHE] II score, and coagulation parameters), intraoperative parameters (blood transfusion requirements and operative time), and postoperative parameters (intensive care unit stay, hospital stay, and 30-day repeat operation and mortality rates). Comparison between the two treatment groups was made with the Mann-Whitney U test. Within the TIPS group, comparison of blood transfusion requirements was performed by one-way analysis of variance based on the degree of portosystemic gradient reduction after TIPS creation. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were included in the TIPS group, and 12 patients were included in the group without TIPS. Median time between TIPS and transplantation was 2 days. There was no statistical difference in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative parameters between groups except for the APACHE II score (P < .002), which was higher in the TIPS group. Despite this, the outcome and postoperative hospital resource utilization were similar between groups. Intraoperative blood transfusion based on the degree of portosystemic gradient reduction after TIPS creation was not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Newly created TIPS do not interfere with the intraoperative technical and perioperative clinical aspects of adult LRLTx. Preoperative TIPS creation before transplantation may reduce the postoperative morbidity and mortality seen in liver transplant recipients who have a greater APACHE II score at the outset of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-1002
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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