Efficacy of group cognitive behavior therapy for the treatment of masticatory myofascial pain

Robert K. Bogart, Randall J. McDaniel, William J. Dunn, Christine Hunter, Alan L. Peterson, Edward F. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the reduction in perceived pain in patients with myofascial pain (MFP) using a group cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) course. Twenty-six participants diagnosed as having MFP were enrolled. Each CBT session had a small-group format, where participants received instruction in habit reversal, stress management, and progressive relaxation. Participants served as their own control subjects and were surveyed for pain intensity, duration, and frequency at study enrollment, before attending the CBT course, and 2 to 3 weeks after course completion. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests revealed that changes in intensity, frequency, and duration were significant (p < 0.001 to p < 0.045). Thirty-three percent of the participants showed improvement with home care instructions before CBT course start, whereas 65% of the participants showed improvement after the CBT course. Participants attending CBT group training exhibited significant improvements in MFP intensity, frequency, and duration, compared with levels reported at the initial evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalMilitary medicine
Volume172
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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