Efficacy and safety of avapritinib in advanced systemic mastocytosis: interim analysis of the phase 2 PATHFINDER trial

Jason Gotlib, Andreas Reiter, Deepti H. Radia, Michael W. Deininger, Tracy I. George, Jens Panse, Alessandro M. Vannucchi, Uwe Platzbecker, Iván Alvarez-Twose, Andrzej Mital, Olivier Hermine, Ingunn Dybedal, Elizabeth O. Hexner, Lisa K. Hicks, Lambert Span, Ruben Mesa, Prithviraj Bose, Kristen M. Pettit, Mark L. Heaney, Stephen T. OhJayita Sen, Hui Min Lin, Brenton G. Mar, Daniel J. DeAngelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Advanced systemic mastocytosis (AdvSM) is a rare, KIT D816V-driven hematologic neoplasm characterized by mast cell infiltration and shortened survival. We report the results of a prespecified interim analysis of an ongoing pivotal single-arm phase 2 trial (no. NCT03580655) of avapritinib, a potent, selective KIT D816V inhibitor administered primarily at a once-daily starting dose of 200 mg in patients with AdvSM (n = 62). The primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints included mean baseline change in AdvSM–Symptom Assessment Form Total Symptom Score and quality of life, time to response, duration of response, progression-free survival, overall survival, changes in measures of disease burden and safety. The primary endpoint was successfully met (P = 1.6 × 10-9), with an ORR of 75% (95% confidence interval 57–89) in 32 response-evaluable patients with AdvSM who had sufficient follow-up for response assessment, including 19% with complete remission with full or partial hematologic recovery. Reductions of ≥50% from baseline in serum tryptase (93%), bone marrow mast cells (88%) and KIT D816V variant allele fraction (60%) were observed. The most frequent grade ≥3 adverse events were neutropenia (24%), thrombocytopenia (16%) and anemia (16%). Avapritinib demonstrated a high rate of clinical, morphological and molecular responses and was generally well tolerated in patients with AdvSM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2192-2199
Number of pages8
JournalNature Medicine
Volume27
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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