Effects of surface treatments on amalgam repair

J. P. Jessup, K. S. Vandewalle, C. B. Hermesch, D. J. Buikema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Dentists are faced with clinical situations that require the decision to replace or repair an amalgam restoration. The purpose of this study was to compare five amalgam repair techniques. Six groups of 15 amalgam beams each were fabricated by mechanical condensation of Tytin into an anodized aluminum split mold. Specimens were aged for 7 days prior to repair. Repaired specimens were stored for 7 days and thermocycled 500 times. Repair strength was measured by transverse strength testing in an Instron testing machine. Data were analyzed by a one-way ANOVA and a Student-Newman-Keuls test at the P≤0.05 level.The surface treatments were: Group A) intact beams, B) roughened with a #557 bur, C) air abraded with 50 μm aluminum oxide, D) retentive undercuts with a #331/2 bur, E) Amalgambond Plus, and F) no treatment. The repair strength of the various experimental groups ranged from 7-18% of the intact specimens. The #557 bur-roughened group yielded statistically higher repair strengths than all other surface treatments, which were statistically equivalent to each other.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalOperative dentistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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