Rationale: Indirect-acting serotonin (5-HT) receptor agonists (e.g., selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitors [SSRI]) stimulate multiple 5-HT receptors, although the role of particular receptors as well as interaction(s) among different receptors in the therapeutic effects of SSRIs is not fully understood. Objectives: Relatively few studies have systematically examined direct-acting agonists in combination. This study examined the 5-HT1A receptor agonists 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin hydrochloride (8-OH-DPAT; 0.01-10.0 mg/kg) and 3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl-4-fluoro-4-([(5-methyl-6- methylamino-pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-amino]-methyl)-piperidin-1-yl-methanone (F13714; 0.01-1.0 mg/kg) and the 5-HT2A receptor agonists 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminopropane (DOM; 0.32-10.0 mg/kg) and dipropyltryptamine (DPT; 1.0-32.0 mg/kg), alone and in combination, in rats responding under a fixed ratio schedule of food presentation. Results: When administered alone, each drug decreased the rate of responding in a dose-related manner with the potency order being F13714 > 8-OH-DPAT > DOM > DPT. WAY100635 (5-HT1A receptor antagonist; 0.01-0.1 mg/kg) attenuated the rate-decreasing effects of 8-OH-DPAT and F13714 while MDL100907 (5-HT 2A receptor antagonist; 0.01-0.1 mg/kg) attenuated the rate-decreasing effects of DOM and DPT. Dose addition analysis showed that the interaction between 8-OH-DPAT and F13714, as well as the interaction between DOM and DPT, was additive. In contrast, the interaction between 8-OH-DPAT and DOM, as well as the interaction between F13714 and DOM, was infra-additive. Conclusions: This study shows that for some dose combinations, agonist actions at one 5-HT receptor subtype attenuate agonist actions at another 5-HT receptor subtype; thus, the combined neuropharmacological actions and therapeutic effects of indirect-acting agonists are not likely to be adequately characterized by examining in isolation activity at particular 5-HT receptor subtypes.
- Drug interaction
- Schedule-controlling responding
ASJC Scopus subject areas