Effects of Rare-earth Filters on Patient Exposure and Image Contrast

S. M. Mauriello, D. B. Washburn, S. R. Matteson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Minimizing patient exposure while maintaining a diagnostically acceptable radiograph is a major goal in diagnostic radiography. Rare-earth filters may be the means to achieve this goal due to their “bandpass effect”. The purpose of this study was to examine the image contrast effects and exposure reductions for various thicknesses of aluminum, samarium, gadolinium, gadolinium oxysulfide, and gadolinium oxysulfide added to 2.5 mm of aluminum. Trials were conducted on an intra-oral dental x-ray unit (range, 65 to 90 kVp). When compared with conventional aluminum, all of the rare-earth filters provided lower radiation exposures, with gadolinium in the metallic or oxysulfide form providing the lowest exposures. Samarium, at a thickness of 0.127 mm, yielded the highest image contrast. Gadolinium or gadolinium oxysulfide added to 2.5 mm of aluminum resulted in a slight loss of contrast when compared with conventional aluminum filtration. This loss may not be clinically significant, and when coupled with the reduced exposure afforded by these filters, they become viable as acceptable alternatives to aluminum filtration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1326-1330
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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