Effects of Obesity on Urogynecologic Prolapse Surgery Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Nancy E. Ringel, Stacy M. Lenger, Rachel High, Alexandriah Alas, Sara Houlihan, Olivia H. Chang, Jon Pennycuff, Ruchira Singh, Amanda White, Lioudmila Lipitskaia, Sadikah Behbehani, David Sheyn, Bela Kudish, Mikio Nihira, Ambereen Sleemi, Cara Grimes, Ankita Gupta, Ethan M. Balk, Danielle D. Antosh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:To systematically review the literature on outcomes of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery in patients from various body mass index (BMI) categories to determine the association between obesity and surgical outcomes.DATA SOURCES:PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched from inception to April 12, 2022; ClinicalTrials.gov was searched in September 2022 (PROSPERO 2022 CRD42022326255). Randomized and nonrandomized studies of urogynecologic POP surgery outcomes were accepted in which categories of BMI or obesity were compared.METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION:In total, 9,037 abstracts were screened; 759 abstracts were identified for full-text screening, and 31 articles were accepted for inclusion and data were extracted.TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTSStudies were extracted for participant information, intervention, comparator, and outcomes, including subjective outcomes, objective outcomes, and complications. Outcomes were compared among obesity categories (eg, BMI 30-34.9, 35-40, higher than 40), and meta-analysis was performed among different surgical approaches. Individual studies reported varying results as to whether obesity affects surgical outcomes. By meta-analysis, obesity (BMI 30 or higher) is associated with an increased odds of objective prolapse recurrence after vaginal prolapse repair (odds ratio [OR] 1.38, 95% CI, 1.14-1.67) and after prolapse repair from any surgical approach (OR 1.31, 95% CI, 1.12-1.53) and with complications such as mesh exposure after both vaginal and laparoscopic POP repair (OR 2.10, 95% CI, 1.01-4.39).CONCLUSION:Obesity is associated with increased likelihood of prolapse recurrence and mesh complications after POP repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-549
Number of pages11
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume143
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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