Effects of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids on the activities and expression of hepatic antioxidant enzymes in autoimmune-prone NZB×NZW F1 mice

Jaya T. Venkatraman, Bysani Chandrasekar, Jong Dai Kim, Gabriel Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Menhaden fish oil (FO) containing n-3 fatty acids dramatically extends the life span and delays the onset and progression of autoimmune disease in (NZB×NZW)F1 (B/W) female mice as compared to those fed corn oil (CO) rich in n-6 lipids. As an inefficient antioxidant defense system has been linked to autoimmune diseases, the present study was undertaken to determine whether the protective action of n-3 lipids is mediated through their antioxidant defense system. Weanling B/W mice were fed a nutritionally adequate, semipurified diet containing CO or krill oil (KO) or FO at 10% level (w/w)ad libitum until the mice were 6.5 months old. All diets contained the same level of vitamin E (21.5 mg/100 g diet). We compared the effects of feeding n-6 and n-3 lipids on survival, kidney disease, hepatic microsomal lipid composition, peroxidation, and on the activity and mRNA expression of the antioxidant enzymes catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in 6.5-month-old B/W mice. The results showed that when compared to livers from CO-fed mice, livers from KO- and FO-fed mice showed: (i) significantly higher (P<0.001) activities and expression of CAT, GSH-Px and SOD; (ii) significantly lower (P<0.001) arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and linoleic acid (18:2n-6) and higher (P<0.001) eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) levels in hepatic microsomes; and (iii) significantly lower (P<0.001) estimated peroxidation indices and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances generation. The data indicate that one of the mechanisms through which the n-3 lipids delay the onset of autoimmune diseases in B/W mice may be through maintenance of higher activities and expression of hepatic antioxidant enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-568
Number of pages8
JournalLipids
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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