Effects of mesenchymal stromal cell-conditioned media on measures of lung structure and function: A systematic review and meta-analysis of preclinical studies

Alvaro Moreira, Rija Naqvi, Kristen Hall, Chimobi Emukah, John Martinez, Axel Moreira, Evan Dittmar, Sarah Zoretic, Mary Evans, Delanie Moses, Shamimunisa Mustafa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Lung disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. A breach in the lung alveolar-epithelial barrier and impairment in lung function are hallmarks of acute and chronic pulmonary illness. This review is part two of our previous work. In part 1, we demonstrated that CdM is as effective as MSCs in modulating inflammation. Herein, we investigated the effects of mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-conditioned media (CdM) on (i) lung architecture/function in animal models mimicking human lung disease, and (ii) performed a head-to-head comparison of CdM to MSCs. Methods: Adhering to the animal Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory animal Experimentation protocol, we conducted a search of English articles in five medical databases. Two independent investigators collected information regarding lung: alveolarization, vasculogenesis, permeability, histologic injury, compliance, and measures of right ventricular hypertrophy and right pulmonary pressure. Meta-analysis was performed to generate random effect size using standardized mean difference with 95% confidence interval. Results: A total of 29 studies met inclusion. Lung diseases included bronchopulmonary dysplasia, asthma, pulmonary hypertension, acute respiratory distress syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and pulmonary fibrosis. CdM improved all measures of lung structure and function. Moreover, no statistical difference was observed in any of the lung measures between MSCs and CdM. Conclusions: In this meta-analysis of animal models recapitulating human lung disease, CdM improved lung structure and function and had an effect size comparable to MSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number399
JournalStem Cell Research and Therapy
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2020

Keywords

  • Animal
  • Conditioned media
  • Lung disease
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Cell Biology

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