Effects of long-term hemofiltration on circulating mediators and superoxide production during continuous endotoxin administration

Satoshi Ishihara, John A. Ward, Osamu Tasaki, William W. Brinkley, Leonard G. Seraile, Basil A. Pruitt, David W. Mozingo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to test whether continuous hemofiltration eliminates cytokines and eicosanoids, or stimulates granulocyte function. Methods: Nineteen pigs were divided into a control group (n = 7), a hemofiltration group (n = 7), and an extracorporeal circuit only group (n = 5). All animals received the same amount of intravenous endotoxin and resuscitation fluid. Zero-balanced hemofiltration was started 30 minutes after initiation of endotoxemia and continued throughout the experiment. Plasma endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor-α, eicosanoids, superoxide production, and other physiologic parameters were measured before challenge and at scheduled intervals thereafter. Results: Eicosanoids were filtered but plasma concentrations were not reduced. Tumor necrosis factor- α was not filtered or adsorbed. There were no significant differences between groups in any measured parameters. Conclusion: Continuous hemofiltration could not efficiently remove tumor necrosis factor-α or eicosanoids. Also, continuous hemofiltration did not stimulate production of the proinflammatory mediators measured, nor improve respiratory distress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-899
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1999

Keywords

  • Hydrogen peroxide anion
  • Swine
  • TNF-α, 6-keto prostaglandin F(1α)
  • Thromboxane B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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