INTRODUCTION: The military recommends that a 500 mL bolus of Hextend® be administered via an intravenous (IV) 18-gauge needle or via an intraosseous (IO) needle for patients in hypovolemic shock.
PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were to compare the time of administration of Hextend and the hemodynamics of IV and IO routes in a Class II hemorrhage swine model.
METHODS: This was an experimental study using 27 swine. After 30% of their blood volume was exsanguinated, 500 mL of Hextend was administered IV or IO, but not to the control group. Hemodynamic data were collected every 2 minutes until administration was complete.
RESULTS: Time for administration was not significant (p=.78). No significant differences existed between the IO and IV groups relative to hemodynamics (p>.05), but both were significantly different than the control group (p<.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The IO route is an effective method of administering Hextend.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of special operations medicine : a peer reviewed journal for SOF medical professionals|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2014|
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