Effects of inhaled corticosteroids on pneumonia severity and antimicrobial resistance

Oriol Sibila, Elena Laserna, Eric M. Mortensen, Antonio Anzueto, Marcos I. Restrepo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Limited information is available regarding the impact of prior use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in patients subsequently developing community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We assessed the effects of prior ICS use on severity of illness and microbiology in CAP hospitalized patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of subjects with CAP (by the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification) was conducted over a 4-year period at 2 tertiary teaching hospitals. Subjects were considered to be ICS users if they received ICS prior to admission. Primary outcomes were severity of illness and microbiology at admission. RESULTS: Data were abstracted on 664 subjects: 89 prior ICS users (13.4%) and 575 non-users (86.6%). Prior ICS users had higher severity of illness at admission: mean ± SD Pneumonia Severity Index 100.8 ± 31.4 vs 68.8 ± 33.4, P =.001, and CURB-65 (confusion, urea nitrogen, respiratory rate, blood pressure, ≥ 65 years of age) score 1.56±1.02 vs 1.19 ± 1.02, P=.002. Prior ICS use was independently associated with antimicrobial-resistant pathogens: 11.2% vs 5.9%, odds ratio 2.6, 95% CI 1.1- 6.1, P=.04. CONCLUSIONS: Prior ICS use was associated with higher severity of illness at admission and higher incidence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens in CAP hospitalized patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1489-1494
Number of pages6
JournalRespiratory care
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013


  • Drug resistance
  • Inhaled corticosteroids
  • Pneumonia
  • Severity of illness index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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