Effects of empagliflozin on blood pressure and markers of arterial stiffness and vascular resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes

R. Chilton, I. Tikkanen, C. P. Cannon, S. Crowe, H. J. Woerle, U. C. Broedl, Odd Erik Johansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

225 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To determine the effects of empagliflozin on blood pressure (BP) and markers of arterial stiffness and vascular resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: We conducted a post hoc analysis of data from a phase III trial in patients with T2DM and hypertension receiving 12weeks' empagliflozin and four phase III trials in patients with T2DM receiving 24weeks' empagliflozin (cohort 1, n = 823; cohort 2, n = 2477). BP was measured using 24-h BP monitoring (cohort 1) or seated office measurements (cohort 2). Results: Empagliflozin reduced systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP in both cohorts (p<0.001 vs placebo), without increasing heart rate. Empagliflozin reduced pulse pressure (PP; adjusted mean difference vs placebo cohort 1: -2.3 mmHg; cohort 2: -2.3 mmHg), mean arterial pressure (MAP; cohort 1, -2.3 mmHg; cohort 2, -2.1 mmHg) and double product (cohort 1, -385 mmHg×bpm; cohort 2, -369 mmHg×bpm) all p<0.001 vs placebo. There was a trend towards a reduction in the ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) with empagliflozin in cohort 1 (p = 0.059 vs placebo). AASI was not measured in cohort 2. Subgroup analyses showed that there were greater reductions in PP with increasing baseline SBP in cohort 1 (p = 0.092). In cohort 2, greater reductions in MAP were achieved in patients with higher baseline SBP (p = 0.027) and greater reductions in PP were observed in older patients (p = 0.011). Conclusions: Empagliflozin reduced BP and had favourable effects on markers of arterial stiffness and vascular resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1180-1193
Number of pages14
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume17
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Phase III study
  • SGLT2 inhibitor
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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