Effects of drug-induced differences in reinforcement frequency on discriminative stimulus properties of fentanyl

Jean De Vry, Wouter Koek, Jef L. Slangen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rats were trained to discriminate between fentanyl (0.04 mg/kg) and saline in a two-lever procedure. Using a FR 10 schedule of food reinforcement, drug-induced differences between the number of reinforcers obtained under fentanyl and saline conditions were observed. The effect of eliminating these differences on the outcome of generalization tests was investigated by different manipulations. In one group (N=10), the FR 10 schedule used during saline sessions was changed to FR 6 during drug sessions. In a second group (N=12), saline sessions ended after the number of reinforcers obtained was equal to the number obtained during the preceding drug session. A control group (N=10) was trained using a FR 10 schedule under both conditions. Elimination of differences in reinforcement frequency 1) accelerated the acquisition of the discrimination, 2) diminished response bias, 3) flattened the slope and reduced the ED50 value of generalization gradients of fentanyl, morphine and sufentanil and 4) increased the ED50 value of naloxone in antagonizing 0.04 mg/kg fentanyl. It is concluded that the unconditioned effects of 0.04 mg/kg fentanyl on response rate in a FR 10 procedure lead to differences between saline and drug sessions which contribute to the apparent discriminative stimulus properties of fentanyl.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-261
Number of pages5
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume83
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drug discrimination
  • Fentanyl
  • Morphine
  • Naloxone
  • Rat
  • Reinforcement variables
  • Sufentanil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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