Effects of curcumin and ursolic acid in prostate cancer: A systematic review

Benjamin D. Besasie, Achinto Saha, John DiGiovanni, Michael A. Liss

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The major barriers to phytonutrients in prostate cancer therapy are non-specific mechanisms and bioavailability issues. Studies have pointed to a synergistic combination of curcumin (CURC) and ursolic acid (UA). We investigate this combination using a systematic review process to assess the most likely mechanistic pathway and human testing in prostate cancer. We used the PRISMA statement to screen titles, abstracts, and the full texts of relevant articles and performed a descriptive analysis of the literature reviewed for study inclusion and consensus of the manuscript. The most common molecular and cellular pathway from articles reporting on the pathways and effects of CURC (n = 173) in prostate cancer was NF-κB (n = 25, 14.5%). The most common molecular and cellular pathway from articles reporting on the pathways and effects of UA (n = 24) in prostate cancer was caspase 3/caspase 9 (n = 10, 41.6%). The three most common molecular and cellular pathway from articles reporting on the pathways and effects of both CURC and UA (n = 193) in prostate cancer was NF-κB (n = 28, 14.2%), Akt (n = 22, 11.2%), and androgen (n = 19, 9.6%). Therefore, we have identified the potential synergistic target pathways of curcumin and ursolic acid to involve NF-κB, Akt, androgen receptors, and apoptosis pathways. Our review highlights the limited human studies and specific effects in prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-106
Number of pages17
JournalUrologia Journal
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Curcumin
  • NF-κB
  • diarylheptanoid
  • flavonoid
  • pentacyclic triterpenoid
  • phytonutrients
  • prostate cancer
  • triterpenoid
  • ursolic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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