Effects of cerivastatin and parathyroid hormone on the lumbar vertebra of aging male Sprague-Dawley rats

J. Banu, D. N. Kalu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both men and women lose bone at a late age (aging bone loss). The aim of this study was to determine whether cerivastatin and parathyroid hormone (PTH) can prevent aging bone loss in men. Bone loss in aged male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was used as a model for age-related bone loss in men. Nine-month-old male SD rats were divided into six groups: (1) baseline controls (killed at the beginning of the study); (2) age-matched controls; (3) parathyroid hormone (PTH; 80 μg/kg body weight per day for 5 days/week) treated; (4) low-dose cerivastatin (0.2 mg/kg body weight per day) treated; and (5) medium-dose cerivastatin (0.4 mg/kg body weight per day) treated; and (6) high-dose cerivastatin (0.8 mg/kg body weight per day) treated. Groups 2-6 were treated for 23 weeks between the ages of 9 and 15 months and killed at the end of 23 weeks. The fourth lumbar vertebra was analyzed using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). It is shown that age-matched controls had decreased cancellous bone mineral content (Cn. BMC) by 19% (p < 0.05) and cancellous bone mineral density Cn. BMD) by 22% (p < 0.01) when compared with baseline controls. All three doses of cerivastatin resulted in lower Cn. BMC and Cn. BMD when compared with age-matched controls, but this decrease was not statistically significant. In the PTH-treated group, Cn. BMC increased by 5% (p < 0.0001) and Cn. BMD increased by 37% (p < 0.0001) when compared with age-matched controls. In age-matched controls, cortical bone mineral content (Ct. BMC) and cortical bone mineral density (Ct. BMD) decreased slightly, but not significantly, when compared with baseline controls. Ct. BMD did not change significantly at any of the three doses in the cerivastatin-treated groups. In the PTH-treated group, Ct. BMC increased by 23% (p < 0.0001) when compared with age-matched controls. We confirmed that male SD rats lose bone with aging in the lumbar vertebra, and it is concluded that cerivastatin, at all doses administered, did not prevent this age-related bone loss. In contrast, PTH prevented age-related bone loss in the vertebra of male SD rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-179
Number of pages7
JournalBone
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Cerivastatin
  • Lumbar vertebra
  • Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

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